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Weekly Tanker Market Monitor Week 18, 2023

This article examines recent progress and initiatives by the shipping industry to meet new IMO targets and provides Signal Ocean Platform data on emissions developments and trends.

The Signal Group
April 2, 2024

Chart of the Week: Oil Flows from US to China

U.S. exporting more crude oil to Europe and Asia
Data Source: The Signal Ocean Platform- Oil Flows https://app.signalocean.com/tanker/dynamic/oilflows

Crude oil freight rates have lost momentum since the end of April, but demand from Asian countries continues unabated as the Chinese increasingly source oil from the U.S. (see image above). April ended with a 370% increase in Chinese crude oil flows from the US compared to April last year, while the second quarter of the year will end with a spectacular increase in monthly crude oil imports. In parallel, the US has already started exporting more to the Netherlands, where monthly crude oil imports will increase by 100% in April 2022. In China, 96% of crude oil trade is handled by VLCC tankers, while the share of VLCC in the Netherlands is 70%.


In the oil market, the monthly volume of oil shipments to China will remain excessive, while the Netherlands will increase its dependence on the US. As for oil prices, they are falling despite OPEC + production cuts and Russia's war in Ukraine due to economic fears in the US and China. The IMF said in its latest economic forecasts that Saudi Arabia needs an oil price of $80.90 per barrel to balance its budget this year. Reuters news agency reported that oil prices fell 9% this week, while seemingly finding stable momentum on Thursday when ECB announced its decision to slow interest rate hikes in the fight against inflation.

For more information on this week's trends or if you wish to subscribe to our FREE weekly market trends email, please contact us: research@thesignalgroup.com

Creating a sustainable world requires us to embark on a journey towards a zero emission future, where every step is a commitment to preserve our planet for future generations.
Albert Greenway
Environmental Scientist, Sustainability Expert
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Increased Use of Renewable Energy:

Shipping companies are embracing renewable energy sources to power onboard systems and reduce emissions during port operations. Solar panels and wind turbines are being installed on vessels to generate clean energy, reducing reliance on auxiliary engines, and cutting down emissions. Shore power facilities in ports allow ships to connect to the electrical grid, eliminating the need for onboard generators while docked.

Collaboration and Industry Partnerships:

Recognizing that addressing emissions requires collective action, shipping companies, governments, and organizations have formed partnerships and collaborations. These initiatives focus on research and development, sharing best practices, and promoting knowledge transfer. Joint projects aim to develop and deploy innovative technologies, improve infrastructure, and create a supportive regulatory framework to accelerate the industry's transition towards a greener future. The Zero Emission Shipping - Mission Innovation.

To pave the way for a greener future in shipping, the availability of alternative fuels plays a vital role in their widespread adoption. However, this availability is influenced by factors such as port infrastructure, local regulations, and government policies. As the demand for cleaner fuels in shipping rises and environmental regulations become more stringent, efforts are underway to improve the accessibility of these fuels through infrastructure development, collaborations, and investments in production facilities.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) infrastructure has seen significant growth in recent years, resulting in more LNG bunkering facilities and LNG-powered vessels. Nonetheless, the availability of LNG as a marine fuel can still vary depending on the region. To ensure consistent availability worldwide, there is a need for further development of LNG supply chains and infrastructure. For biofuels, their availability hinges on production capacity and the availability of feedstock. Although biofuels are being produced and utilized in various sectors, their availability as a marine fuel remains limited. Scaling up biofuel production and establishing robust supply chains are imperative to ensure wider availability within the shipping industry.Hydrogen, as a fuel for maritime applications, is still in the early stages of infrastructure development. While some hydrogen vessels have been tested or introduced in the first quarter of last year, the infrastructure required for hydrogen production and distribution needs further advancement.

Ammonia, as a marine fuel, currently faces limitations in availability. The production, storage, and handling infrastructure for ammonia need further development to support its widespread use in the shipping industry.Methanol, on the other hand, is already a commercially available fuel and has been used as a blend with conventional fuels in some ships. However, its availability as a standalone marine fuel can still be limited in certain regions. Bureau Veritas in October 2022 published a White Paper for the Alternative Fuels Outlook. This white paper provides a comprehensive overview of alternative fuels for the shipping industry, taking into account key factors such as technological maturity, availability, safety, emissions, and regulations.

Creating a sustainable world requires us to embark on a journey towards a zero emission future, where every step is a commitment to preserve our planet for future generations.
Albert Greenway
Environmental Scientist, Sustainability Expert

Increased Use of Renewable Energy:

Shipping companies are embracing renewable energy sources to power onboard systems and reduce emissions during port operations. Solar panels and wind turbines are being installed on vessels to generate clean energy, reducing reliance on auxiliary engines, and cutting down emissions. Shore power facilities in ports allow ships to connect to the electrical grid, eliminating the need for onboard generators while docked.

Collaboration and Industry Partnerships:

Recognizing that addressing emissions requires collective action, shipping companies, governments, and organizations have formed partnerships and collaborations. These initiatives focus on research and development, sharing best practices, and promoting knowledge transfer. Joint projects aim to develop and deploy innovative technologies, improve infrastructure, and create a supportive regulatory framework to accelerate the industry's transition towards a greener future. The Zero Emission Shipping - Mission Innovation.

To pave the way for a greener future in shipping, the availability of alternative fuels plays a vital role in their widespread adoption. However, this availability is influenced by factors such as port infrastructure, local regulations, and government policies. As the demand for cleaner fuels in shipping rises and environmental regulations become more stringent, efforts are underway to improve the accessibility of these fuels through infrastructure development, collaborations, and investments in production facilities.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) infrastructure has seen significant growth in recent years, resulting in more LNG bunkering facilities and LNG-powered vessels. Nonetheless, the availability of LNG as a marine fuel can still vary depending on the region. To ensure consistent availability worldwide, there is a need for further development of LNG supply chains and infrastructure. For biofuels, their availability hinges on production capacity and the availability of feedstock. Although biofuels are being produced and utilized in various sectors, their availability as a marine fuel remains limited. Scaling up biofuel production and establishing robust supply chains are imperative to ensure wider availability within the shipping industry.Hydrogen, as a fuel for maritime applications, is still in the early stages of infrastructure development. While some hydrogen vessels have been tested or introduced in the first quarter of last year, the infrastructure required for hydrogen production and distribution needs further advancement.

Ammonia, as a marine fuel, currently faces limitations in availability. The production, storage, and handling infrastructure for ammonia need further development to support its widespread use in the shipping industry.Methanol, on the other hand, is already a commercially available fuel and has been used as a blend with conventional fuels in some ships. However, its availability as a standalone marine fuel can still be limited in certain regions. Bureau Veritas in October 2022 published a White Paper for the Alternative Fuels Outlook. This white paper provides a comprehensive overview of alternative fuels for the shipping industry, taking into account key factors such as technological maturity, availability, safety, emissions, and regulations.

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Weekly Tanker Market Monitor Week 18, 2023

Posted by
Maria Bertzeletou
|
May 5, 2023

Chart of the Week: Oil Flows from US to China

U.S. exporting more crude oil to Europe and Asia
Data Source: The Signal Ocean Platform- Oil Flows https://app.signalocean.com/tanker/dynamic/oilflows

Crude oil freight rates have lost momentum since the end of April, but demand from Asian countries continues unabated as the Chinese increasingly source oil from the U.S. (see image above). April ended with a 370% increase in Chinese crude oil flows from the US compared to April last year, while the second quarter of the year will end with a spectacular increase in monthly crude oil imports. In parallel, the US has already started exporting more to the Netherlands, where monthly crude oil imports will increase by 100% in April 2022. In China, 96% of crude oil trade is handled by VLCC tankers, while the share of VLCC in the Netherlands is 70%.


In the oil market, the monthly volume of oil shipments to China will remain excessive, while the Netherlands will increase its dependence on the US. As for oil prices, they are falling despite OPEC + production cuts and Russia's war in Ukraine due to economic fears in the US and China. The IMF said in its latest economic forecasts that Saudi Arabia needs an oil price of $80.90 per barrel to balance its budget this year. Reuters news agency reported that oil prices fell 9% this week, while seemingly finding stable momentum on Thursday when ECB announced its decision to slow interest rate hikes in the fight against inflation.

For more information on this week's trends or if you wish to subscribe to our FREE weekly market trends email, please contact us: research@thesignalgroup.com

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